初三英语



九年级英语(仁爱版)语言点归纳 Unit 1 The Changing World Topic 1 China has developed rapidly in recent years.
  1. take place 发生 eg: Great changes have tanken place in my hometown.
  2.Though I had no time to travel, I still felt very happy this holiday! 尽管我没时 间去旅游,但这个假期我仍然感到很愉快。 though 从属连词,用来引导让步状语从句,表“虽然;尽管”,不能与 but 连用。如: Though he is poor, he is happy. = He is poor, but he is happy. 尽管他很贫穷, 但是他很快乐。
  3.Could you please tell me something about Chinese teenagers? 请告诉我一些有 关中国青少年的一些事情好吗? Could /Would you please (not) do sth?请(不)做某事好吗? eg: Could you please turn down your radio? 请把收音机声音调低好吗? Would you please not play football here? 请不要在这儿踢球好吗?
  4.Parents couldn’t afford education for their children. 父母供不起孩子上学。 afford 常与 can, could 或 be able to 连用,尤其用于否定句或疑问句,表“负担得起 (做)某事;抽得出(时间)” “(can’t/ couldn’t) afford (to do) sth.” eg: We can’t afford (to buy ) this house because we don’t have enough money. 我们买不这房了,因为我们没有足够的钱。 eg: He felt he couldn’t afford any time to play football. 他觉得自己没有时间踢球 了。
  5.Our government gives support to poor families. 我们的政府能为贫困家庭提供帮 助。 give support to sb.= give sb. support 为某人提供帮助/ 支持 support 作动词时表“供养;支持;支撑”,
eg: She had to support her family at the age of ten. 她十岁时就得养家。 His parents supported him in his decision.他的父母支持他的决定。 The two sticks support the tree. 两根木棍支撑着这棵树。
  6.Why not go and search the Internet for some information? 为什么不上网查找相关信息呢? search sp. for sth. 搜查某地寻找某物 search sb. for sth. 搜身查找某物
search for sth./ sb.= look for sth./ sb. 搜寻某物/ 某人; eg: The villagers searched the woods for the lost children.村民们在树林里寻找失 踪的孩子们。 The police searched the man for the stolen money. 警察搜那个男人的身,查 找被偷的钱。 He is searching/ looking for his missing keys. 他在寻找他丢的钥匙。
  7.We often went hungry because the boss didn’t give us enough food to eat. 我 们经常挨饿,因为老板不给我们足够的食物。 在这里是系动词,表“变得…”,后跟形容词,构成系表结构. eg: The food on the table went bad. 桌面上的食物变坏了.
  8. One part was used to help support my family, to help send my elder brother to school. a)one part…the other (part) …一部分……另一部分…… b)elder brother 哥哥 elder 作形容词时, 是 old 的比较级, 一般表示家庭成员出生的顺序,在句中只能作定语, 可与 than 连用; 而 older 表年龄的比较,可与 than 连用. 如: His elder sister is two older than he. 他的姐姐比他大两岁. 作名词时, 表 “ 长者; 前辈; 祖先”, 如: Their customs were handed down by the elders. 他们的风俗习惯是由他们的祖 先传下来的.

  9. But China has developed rapidly in recent years. 但是近年来,中国发展迅速. in recent years 表 “近年来”,常与完成时连用. 如: She has learnt a lot of knowledge in recent years. 近年来,她学到了许多知识.
  10. China has made such rapid progress. 中国已经取得如此迅速的进步。 progress 为不可数名词 make progress 取得进步 make some/ much/ great progress 取得一些/ 许多/ 巨大的进步
  11. What has happened to Beijing’s roads now? 现在北京的公路发生了什么变化? sth. happen to sb. 某人发生了某事,如: eg: If anything happens to him, let me know. 万一他有什么不测,就请通知我。 A little accident happened to her yesterday. 昨天她发生了点小意外。
  12. They express the rich culture of China as well. 他们也表达了丰富的中国文化。 as well, too, also 均表“也;又”; as well 多用于口语,只用于句末,不用逗号隔开; too 多用于口语,用于句末,要用逗号隔开; also 较正式,不用于句末; either 用于否定句,表“也不”,与 too 对应。 eg: He likes sports as well. = He likes sports, too. = He also likes sports. 他也 喜欢运动。 He didn’t come, either. 他也没来。
  13.keep in touch with 和…保持联系 eg: Nowadays,we keep in touch with each other by sending e-mails.
  14.复习现在完成时 Topic 2 What has happened to the population?
  1. I really hate to go such a place . 我真讨厌去购物。 -- So do I . 我也是。 So do I .为倒装句, 表示前面提到的肯定情况也同样适合另外一个主体, 表“某某也一样”, 结构为“so + be /情态动词/ 助动词 + 主语”。 eg: Jim is a student, so is Tom. 吉姆是一名学生,汤姆也是。 Jim can swim, so can Tom. 吉姆会游泳,汤姆也会。
Jim likes sports, so does Tom. 吉姆喜欢运动,汤姆也喜欢。 如表前面不怎样, 后面“也不”怎样时, 其结构为“ neither/ nor + be /情态动词/ 助动词 + 主语”。 eg: Jim wasn’t Chinese, neither/ nor were they. 吉姆不中国人,他们也不是。 Jim can’t speak Japanese, neither can I . 吉姆不会说日语,我也不会。 Jim didn’t go there, neither did I . 吉姆没去那儿,我也没去。 如前后两句表达的是同一个主体,则不能倒装,表“的确如此”。如: eg: Jim is a good student. So he is. 吉姆是一名好学生,的确如此。 Jim swims well. So he does. 吉姆游泳很好,的确如此。
  2.At that time, China was the country with the largest population in the world. 那时,中国是世界上人口最多的国家。 population 为不可数名词,表示人口的多少只能用 “large”或 “small”修饰,提问人口用 “what”, 如: eg: The population of Shanghai is larger than that of Beijing. 上海的人口比北京 多。 What’s the population of China?= How many people are there in China? 中国的人口有多少?
  3. Great changes have taken place in China. 中国发生了巨大变化。 take place 指必然性的“发生”或有计划、安排之内的“举行”。如: eg: The meeting will take place next Friday. 会议将在下周五举行。 happen 指偶然的、没有预料的“发生“,其结果往往给人带来不幸或麻烦。如: eg: The accident happened yesterday. 事故发生在昨天。 ※两者都不用于被动语态。
  4. The population has increased a lot. 人口增长发很多。 increase 可作及物动词也可作不及物动词。其含义是“增长,增加,加强”等。 increase by… 指“增加了……”; increase to…指 “增加到……”

  5. …and about one fifth of the people in the world live in China. 而且世界上大约 五分之一的人口生活在中国。 one fifth 是分数表达法。英文分数表达法:分子为基数词,分母为序数词,先读分子后读 分母。当分子大于 1 时,分母的序数词则变为复数,直接在词尾加“s”。 eg: one fourth 四分之一; three fourths 四分之三; one second 二分之一; two thirds 三分之二 注:分数修饰名词作主语,谓语动词要和所修饰的名词保持一致。
  6.It has worked well in controlling China’s population. 它在控制人口数量方面取得了显著的功效。 work well in doing sth. 表“在……方面很有功效”, eg: Doing eye exercises works well in protecting our eyesight. 做眼保健操在保护 视力方面很有功效。
  7. Because of our large population, we are short of energy and water. be short of… 表 “缺乏……” eg: She is always short of money at the end of every month. 每个月底她总是缺 钱。 be short for… 表“是……的缩写”, eg: TV is short for television. TV 是 television 的缩写形式.
  8. Can all Chinese families offer their children a good education? 所有的中国家庭 都能给他们的的孩子提供良好的教育吗? offer 表“(主动)给予,提供” offer sb. sth. “提供某人某物”如: I offered him a glass of wine. 我敬了他一杯酒。 offer to do sth. “(主动)提出做某事”如: She offered to cook for her mother. 她提出帮她妈妈煮饭。
  8.be strict with 对…要求严格
eg:Our teachers are strict with us.
  9.I can’t go shopping in big stores unless I travel for a couple of hours.我得花几 个小时,才能到大的商场购物。 a) unless = if not 表“除非…; 如果不”,引导条件状语从句。 eg: I won’t go unless I hear from you. = I won’t go if I don’t hear from you.如 果你不通知我,我就不去。 Unless Bill studies hard, he’ll fail in the exam. 如果比尔不努力, 他不会通过考试 的. b) a couple of… 表 “几个人或几件事”, eg: a couple of years ago 几年前; a couple of students 几个学生 couple 指任何两件同类的东西;如: a couple of watches 两只手表; five couples of cats 五对猫 pair 指两件不可分开使用的东西,它们可指两件互不相连的东西(鞋子、 袜子等), 也可指两 部分构成的一件东西(裤子、剪刀等)。如: a pair of shoes 一双鞋子 a pair of pants 一条裤子
  10.on / about 关于 on:关于(学术性较强)eg:He is writing a book on medicine. about:He is telling us a story about heroes.
  11.take measures 采取措施 Eg: China has take measures to reduce the pollution. 四、重点语法 现在完成时常与下列表不明确的状语连用:
  1.already 和 yet already “已经”(多用于肯定陈述句),如: He has already gone home. 他已经回家 了。 yet “已经; 还”(用于否定句或疑问句),如:Have you found him yet? 你已经找到他
了吗? I haven’t finished my homework yet. 我还没完成作业。 ※ already 也可用于疑问句,表“出乎意料或惊奇” homework already? 难道你已经完成作业了?
  2.ever 和 never ever “曾经”(多用于疑问句,问初次经历),如:I have ever been abroad. 我曾出过 国。 never“从未;从来不”(多用于否定陈述句),常回答 ever 的句型。如: I have never seen him before. --Has he ever been abroad? 他曾出过国吗?--No, never. 不,从来不。
  3.just just “刚刚”(多用于肯定句,位于谓语动词之前),如:I have just tried to call you. 我 刚刚打电话给你。
  4.before before “之前” (一般位于句末; 常与 never 呼应) 如: says he has never seen such , He beautiful scenery before. 他说他以前从来没看过这么美的风景。 Topic 3 The world has changed for the better.
  1. Well, once they find people in need, they decide on suitable ways to help them.他们一旦发现有人需要帮助,就选定适当的方式来帮助他们。 a) once 是从属连词,表“一旦……就……”,它的从句为现在时态(包括一般现在时、现在 进行时、现在完成时),主句则为一般将来时。或者主从句均为过去的某种时态。 eg: Once you become interested in playing computer games, you’ll have trouble giving them up. 一旦你迷上了电脑游戏,你就很难放弃它。 b) decide on (doing ) sth. 决定(做)某事,相当于 decide to do sth. eg: They decided on spending the holiday in Hainan. 他们决定在海南度假。 Have you finished your
= They decided to spend the holiday in Hainan.
  2. The government provides homeless people with nice homes. 政府向无家可归 的人们提供舒适的住处。 provide sb. with sth. = provide sth. for sb. 提供给某人某物 eg: The school provided the students with food. 这所学校为学生们提供食物。 = The school provided food for the students.
  3. I think it’s a wonderful place to live in. 我认为那是一个居住的好地方。 to live in 是动词不定式,用来修饰前面的名词 place. 在不定式中,如动词为不及物动 词,或者不定式所修饰的名词或代词是不定式动作的地点、工具等,不定式后必须跟上相应 的介词。 eg: There is nothing to worry about. 没有什么可担心的事。 I need a pen to write with. 我需要一只笔写字。
  4. It is famous because it has been so successful in helping homeless people return to normal lives. 它很出名是因为它已经成功地帮助无家可归的人重新过上正常的生活。 be successful in doing sth. 成功地做成某事,相当于 succeed in doing sth. 如: eg: He was successful in passing the exam. 他成功地通过了考试。 They were successful in climbing Mount Huang. 他们成功地登上了黄山。
  5.In the past sixteen years, Project Hope has raised about 3 billion yuan.在近 十六年来,希望工程已筹集了大约 30 亿元。 in the past + 若干时间,表“近若干时间来”,用于现在完成时。 eg: They have learnt about 500 English words in the past two months. 近两个月来,他们已经学习了大约 500 个英语单词。
  6.复习直接引语和间接引语和构词法 Unit 2 Saving the earth Topic 1 I can’t stand the environment here.

  1.I can’t stand
 

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